Pee Wee Age Range
In Hockey, there are several youth divisions, one of which is called Pee Wee. However, it can be confusing to determine which division your youth player will be in due to USA Hockey’s name changes in 2016. How old are Pee Wee hockey players, though?
Pee Wees are 11 or 12 years old. During Pee Wee, players learn advanced rules and goal setting techniques. They also develop their skating, passing and receiving, shooting, and puck control.
This article will go over how old Pee Wees are and the other youth divisions’ age requirements. It will also look at the skills and knowledge players acquire while they are Pee Wees. Lastly, we’ll discuss an amazing training tool called Stickhandling PRO that can help Pee Wees enhance their puck control skills from home.
In total, there are five divisions for youth hockey players, including Squirt, Mite, Pee Wee, Bantam and Midget. Listed below are the ages and birth years of players in each division for the 2020-2021 season.
|2002||18 years||18 and under- Midget|
|2003||17 years||18 and under- Midget|
|2004||16 years||16 and under- Midget|
|2005||15 years||16 and under- Midget|
|2006||14 years||14 or under- Bantam|
|2007||13 years||14 or under- Bantam|
|2008||12 years||12 or under- Pee Wee|
|2009||11 years||12 or under- Pee Wee|
|2010||10 years||10 or under- Squirt|
|2011||9 years||9 or under- Squirt|
|2012||8 years||8 or under- Mite|
USA Hockey’s youth playing season is from September 1, 2020, through August 31, 2021.
Pee Wee is an essential division because kids that are 11-12 years old are in their golden age for skill development. This is the perfect time for them to acquire the techniques and knowledge necessary to become skillful players as they progress into their teenage years.
Some skills and information players learn during Pee Wee include rules regarding infractions and penalties, how to set goals, techniques to become better shooters, passers, receivers, and skaters, and ways to improve their puck control.
While Pee Wees typically have a good understanding of hockey’s general rules, they may not know more specific rules regarding infractions and penalties. So, during Pee Wee, kids are taught about these violations and how to avoid breaching them.
Some common infractions Pee Wees learn about include:
Unsportsmanlike conduct can result in different infractions depending on how bad the player’s behaviour was. Players can get a warning and go to the bench. Or they get completely kicked out of the game depending on their behaviour and the severity of their misconduct.
Body checking involves physically interacting with opponents during the game. Although this is not permitted at the Pee Wee level, it is allowed for older players. So, learning the rules regarding how to legally body check other players is crucial for your Pee Wee’s future success.
Cross-checking is when a player uses his stick’s shaft between two hands to check an opponent forcefully. If you’d like to see what cross-checking looks like during a game, check out this video by Heat TV:
Head contact occurs when a player touches an opponent’s head, face, or neck with their body, stick, or other parts of their equipment.
Butt-ending is when a player hits an opponent with the top part of the stick.
Interference is when a player purposefully impedes an opponent’s progress when the opponent is not in possession of the puck.
Pee Wees need to learn how to set specific and manageable goals. Goal-setting teaches players how to develop precise steps that will allow them to achieve their goals within a particular time frame. While goal-setting is essential for hockey, it is also a valuable skill to have for everyday life.
Some hockey-related goals the players can set include plans around skills, team play, tactics, and fitness.
Players should pick one of the topics above and come up with an overarching goal. They should then create specific and measurable performance goals, which will help them achieve a bigger goal. Their goals should be written down and shared with parents and coaches who can assist with goal writing and development.
While most Pee Wees already know how to skate, they will learn more advanced skating techniques. They will work towards mastering all of the skills they learned during previous levels, including the following:
Edge control is the foundation for all other skating skills. The different edges of skates include the inside edges, outside edges, and flats. Players learn how to skate using all of the edges of their blades. This skill is crucial because it allows for increases in power, speed, and enhanced turning ability.
Forward skating and striding are essential skills that Pee Wees must continually improve upon.
Backward skating is more complicated than forwards skating and can be challenging for young players to learn. Pee Wees practice their backward skating so that it will feel more natural during a game.
Controlled stops and turns are an essential part of hockey. Players need to master these skills so that they can avoid running into obstacles during a game.
Learning how to pass and receive the puck is one of the earliest skills hockey players learn. However, there is always room for improvement, so Pee Wees continue to develop these skills.
Some of the things they work on include:
Forehand passes are any passes made from the dominant side of the body. If a player is right-handed, then a forehand pass would be any pass from the right side of the body. Forehand passes are taught while players are stationary or in movement.
Backhand passes refer to any passes in which a player passes the puck to a team member using the blade’s backside on their hockey stick. Backhand passes are taught while players are stationary or in movement.
Receiving a pass properly with their stick, skates, and hands. When receiving a pass, players must focus on maintaining the correct form and need to make sure that their body and equipment are in the proper position for receiving the puck.
Pee Wee players need to learn several shooting techniques to be able to shoot (and score) during games effectively. Listed below are a few of the many shots Pee Wee are required to learn and master:
Wrist shots involve using the wrists and other forearm muscles to shoot a puck forward using the hockey stick’s concave side.
Slap shots are the most difficult to execute. To properly perform a slap shot, players must follow four steps and do them in a single fluid motion. This type of shot is powerful but requires a lot of practice to perform correctly.
Snap shots are a blend of the wrist shot and slap shot.
Backhand shots are just like wrist shots, but the hockey blade’s convex side is used instead of the concave side.
Flip shots, otherwise known as shovel shots, are the simplest and most basic shots.) a player can use. To perform a flip shot, you simply complete a shovelling motion and move the puck towards the desired location.
Fake shots are a deceptive play in which a player will pretend to shoot so that the goalie and defenders will react and adjust their position accordingly. Once the opposing team gets into place, the player will then make a real shot using one of the above methods.
According to the International Ice Hockey Federation, puck control is one of the most important aspects that players need to acquire is stickhandling.
Stickhandling is a skill that allows players to maintain possession of the puck, both while stationary and in motion. While this skill is crucial for hockey players to learn, it is also tricky, so it takes a lot of time and dedication to master.
To effectively stickhandle, players need to learn how to see the puck using their peripheral vision without looking directly at it. Ideally, players’ heads should be up, and they should be alert. This allows them to look around at the game so that they can pick the best move.
Four types of stickhandling Pee Wees should learn how to do include:
Front stickhandling is the most basic yet most important type of stickhandling players learn. This movement is performed in front of the player. The hands move across the front of the body, and the puck moves from side to side.
Lateral (side-to-side) stickhandling is done on the forehand side of the player’s body. The player moves the puck forward and backward. This type of stickhandling is especially important when setting up for a wrist or snap shot.
Diagonal stickhandling is a mixture of front and lateral stickhandling. It is often used during shooting and while performing backhand passes.
Toe pullback is a skill that players learn after they know how to do diagonal and lateral stickhandling. During a toe pullback, a player uses the end of their stick to pull the puck back towards their body. This move is useful when a player needs to control a puck that is too close to an opponent’s stick.
Pee Wees also learn about several penalties, including:
Minor penalties, as the name implies, are the least severe type of penalty. These types of penalties last for two minutes. Typically the offending player is sent to the penalty box. The team then has to play shorthanded for the entire duration of the penalty.
Some examples of minor penalties include tripping, hooking, boarding, spearing, slashing, roughing, holding, high sticking, elbowing, and charging.
Major penalties are typically more extreme versions of minor penalties. However, instances of fighting always result in a major penalty. Whenever a player receives a major penalty, they must remain out of the game for five minutes. The team will be short a player for the entire duration of this penalty.
Misconduct penalties result in the offending player being removed from the game for 10 minutes. Immediate substitution of the player is allowed. Once their penalty time is up, the player must remain on the bench until there is a natural stop in the game.
A penalty shot occurred when a scoring opportunity was lost due to an infraction taking place, such as the player being tripped or held. Either the player who was denied the chance to score or a chosen team member is given an opportunity to shoot on the opposing goal with no defence other than the goalie.
Match penalties result in the offending player being removed from the game. These are given when a player physically harms another player or deliberately tries to harm another player.
Based on rules from the National Hockey League (NHL), if a player butt-ends, head-butts, kicks, or punches another player and the other player is harmed, then the offending player automatically receives a match penalty.
Pee Wee hockey players are 11 or 12 years old. Players in this division learn more advanced rules regarding infractions and penalties, as well as how to set goals. They also learn ways to improve their skating, passing and receiving, shooting, and puck control.
To achieve greater puck control, hockey players need to master stickhandling. The best way to practice stickhandling is with the Stickhandling PRO virtual trainer. This virtual training tool helps players improve their skills and enhance their ability to avoid obstacles. This off-ice practice will lead to substantial on-ice advantages.
- USA Hockey: 2020-2021 Age Classifications
- USA Hockey: Skills Progression for Players and Coach Development
- Navy Youth Hockey Association: Pee Wee Training Model
- IIHF: Stickhandling
- USA Hockey: Standard of Play & Rule Emphasis- Body Checking
- USA Hockey: Section 6- Playing Rules
- Wikipedia: Penalty (ice hockey)
- RPM Hockey Company: Edge Work
- AHL: Hockey 101 - Officiating and Penalties
- Heat TV: Hockey Made Simple - Cross-Checking
- Hockey for Dummies Cheat Sheet: Ice Hockey Penalties Explained
- OMHA: U13 (11-12) The Golden Age Of Player Development
- Active SG: How to pass in hockey
- Sports Lingo: Backhand Pass
- Minnesota Hockey: Tearse: Understanding gap control
- Start Playing Hockey: How to Poke Check-in Hockey
- Wikipedia: Wrist shot
- Wikipedia: Snap shot (ice hockey)
- Wikipedia: Slapshot
- How to Hockey: How to Skate Backwards
- Total Female Hockey: How to Fake a Shot